Saunf, or fennel as it is known in the rest of the world, is an interesting little herb.

Fennel in turn is derived from the Middle English fenel or fenyl, which came from the Latin feniculum, a diminutive form of fenum, meaning “hay”.

In ancient Greek it was known as marathon, and the place (where the famed Battle of Marathon was fought) is named after it. Marathon itself apparently means “place of fennel”.

Another piece of trivia: in ancient Greek mythology, Prometheus used a stalk of fennel to steal fire from the Gods.

It is a component of liquorice, and of gripe water.

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